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World War II

The Home Front

The people of Newfield saw a dramatic change when World War II started. Farmers now had a great demand for their crops, whereas before they had little business. Women now were offered jobs previously for men.

The War Front

Soldiers from Newfield went to both theaters, east and west. Of 124 that went from Newfield, five gave their lives. A few even distinguished themselves in combat. Most of the young men who volunteered or were later drafted entered through the local recruiting station, which was maintained by the Selective Service Board No. 496.

Newfield men who lost their lives in World War II:

Smith Griffin
George Goff
John H. Smith
Herman Vollmuth

Newfield Veterans of World War II

Albanese, Anthony
Albanese, Frank
Albanese, Sam
Allen, Archie L.
Anderson, Donald
Argetsinger, R.
Armstrong, Roger
Armstrong, Walter
Augst, Wilbur
Bailey, R.
Bailey, William
Baker, Clyde
Bandle, Stacy
Beach, Clarence
Beck, Kenneth
Blayda, Thaddeus
Brewer, Charles
Brewer, Donald
Brewer, Marvin
Brewer, Norman
Bush, William
Cameron, R.
Caslick, Richard
Catchim, Douglas
Chaffee, Theodore
Chilson, Clarence
Cooper, H.
Cox, Herbert
Cudlin, Joe
Cutter, Kenneth
Cutter, Paul
Danley, Leon
Darling, C.
Dassance, Charles
Dassance, Dave
Dorn, Carl
Eaton, R.
Estabrook, Francis
Estabrook, Fredrick
Estabrook, William
Everhart, A.
Everhart, Ralph
Fairchild, C.
Foote, George
Ford, Jack
Fowler, F.
Gablas, Andrew
Gablas, Joseph
Gablas, Rudolph
Gravley, Art
Grimsey, Fred
Hankinson, Bess
Hardenbrook, Richard
Hargreave, Francis
Helsiva, Eugene
Helsiva, Sulo
Heslop, Albert
Hoffman, Richard
Holcomb, G.
Holley, R.
Holmes, Richard
Houghton, W.
Hulse, Harold
James, howard
Jenny, Le Roy
Joki, Toivo
Kannelin, Eino
Kauppenin, Charles
Korbel, William
Lackner, Fred
Lampila, W.M.
Lampila, Waino
Lehto, Vert
Leonard, Howard
Lintala, Arthur
Lintala, Emil
Lintala, Leonard
Mabie, George
Makela, J.
Maki, Eugene
Maki, G.
Matechek, E.
Matson, Walter
McIntyre, Ray
McRavy, Clayton
Merinen, Eino
Merithew, Edwin
Merithew, Ernest
Ming, Roger
Morgan, Harry
Margan, Leslie
Morgan, Richard
Murphy, Edward
Myers, Robert
Park, Delos
Parrish, Rodney
Patana, John
Patterson, H.
Payne, Gordon, Jr.
Payne, Harvey
Payne, Wallace
Peet, W.
Poelvoorde, Charles
Poelvoorde, Raymond
Rose, Robert
Sanders, Harris
Seely, Richard
Shoemaker, Dan
Sinn, C.
Smith, Charles
Snyder, William, Jr.
Spencer, Chauncy
Spencer, James A.
Switzer, Maurice
Switzer, Vernon
Szymanski, Edward
Taber, Robert
Teeter, Jack
Teeter, Lee
Tichenor, Richard
Tichy, Sidney
Todd, Clifford
Todd, Judson
Tompkins, Lawrence
Tompkins, Robert
Tudi, H.
Vanskiver, C.
Vollmuth, George
Vollmuth, John
Vyscocil, Edward
Wessman, Raymond
Westerlundi, Victor
White, George
White, Paul
Wright, Harry



    Drives were held for various things in which the people gave a certain thing that would then be used for the war effort.
  • Aluminum Drive- People saved each scrap of aluminum and flattened it and wrapped it around a ball of it then when the ball was big enough they would take it to the school for the war effort.
  • Tin Drive- Kids and adults too would clean tin cans and stomp them flat and collect them for later contribution to a redemption center.
  • War Bond Drive- The government sold bond that you could purchase to help the war, and after the war was over the government would pay you back with interest. Citizens would save up money slowly and then buy bonds to help with the war effort. Even kids would save change and buy stamps one at a time to fill a book that could be exchanged for bonds.


Families were given a certain amount of coupons that could be turned in for whatever amount it said of sugar, gasoline, meat, or other quantities of resources that could be used for the war.

Gasoline- Gas was rationed not to conserve it but to conserve rubber instead.

Sugar- Sugar was also rationed because it was conserved for the soldiers rations

Meat- another food rationed and the government also asked that people observed "meatless Mondays".

Shoes- Selecting shoes was important during the war because the rationing on shoes meant you had to pick ones that would survive growth and still last a long time.



Content provided by Gordon Szebenyi
(Rationing cartoon courtesy of the Ithaca Journal - January 6, 1943.